Taxonomy

Syzygium neocaledonicum (Seem.) J.W.Dawson
endemique
UICN

Synonyms

Eugenia comptonii Baker f.Cupheanthus neocaledonicus Seem.

Red List Status -

Vulnerable (VU) , assessed in 26/01/2018

Syzygium neocaledonicum is an endemic tree from New Caledonia restricted to the north east of Grande Terre, from Mt. Aoupinié to Haute Mayavetch. It is found in dense humid forest on volcano sedimentary soil between 400 and 900 m asl. The population size of S. neocaledonicum is unknown. The main threats are bushfires and invasive species (Rusa deer (Rusa timorensis) that cause habitat degradation. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) and area of occupancy (AOO) are 397 and 48 km², respectively, with and estimation of 8 locations. Therefore, S. neocaledonicum is listed as Vulnerable (VU) under criteria B1ab(iii,v)+B2ab(iii,v).

Geographical area


S. neocaledonicum is endemic to New Caledonia where it is restricted to the north east of Grande Terre, from Mt. Aoupinié to Haute Mayavetch.

Population


Population size is unknown.

Habitat


S. neocaledonicum occurs in dense humid forest on volcano sedimentary soil between 400 and 900 m asl.

Threats


The main threats are bushfires and invasive species (Rusa deer (Rusa timorensis) that cause habitat degradation.

Conservation


This species is not protected by legislation in New Caledonia and it does occur in two protected areas: Mont Panié and Aoupinié. This species should be included in the regional legislation for a better protection of the species. Furthermore, prospections and collection of herbarium speciemens is recommended to updtae its distribution and population's informations.

Bibliography


Dawson J.W. 1999. Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances. Volume 23 : Myrtaceae Myrtoideae 1 : Syzygium.

Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M. and Chalopin, M. 2012. Le référentiel taxonomique Florical et les caractéristiques de la flore vasculaire indigène de la Nouvelle-Calédonie [The taxonomic database « FLORICAL » and characteristics of the indigenous flora of New Caledonia]. Adansonia sér 3(34) , p.177-219.

Endemia.nc 2016. Faune et Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Experts


Assessor(s): Héquet, V., Vandrot, H., Barrabé, L., Amice, R., Butin, J., Cazé, H., Fleurot, D., Suprin, B., Chambrey, C., Laudereau, C., Haverkamp, C., Fogliani, B.

Reviewer(s): Gâteblé, G.

Facilitator(s): Meyer, S., Tanguy, V., Warimavute, G.


Geographical distribution