Taxonomy

Polyscias jaffrei Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, ined.
endemique
protegee
UICN

Synonyms

Tieghemopanax jaffrei Lowry, ined.

Red List Status -

Endangered (EN) , assessed in 09/12/2016

Protected species -

in Northern Province

Polyscias jaffrei is an endemic shrub found in the west part of Grande Terre in New Caledonia. This species is known from 4 massifs (Taom, Koniambo, Kopéto, Boulinda). It is found in mid to high altitudinal shrubland on ultramafic substrate. Main threats are ongoing mining activities and recurrent bushfires. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) and area of occupancy (AOO) are respectively estimated to be of 414 km² and 28 km² while the number of locations is estimated to be 4. Polyscias jaffrei is therefore assessed as Endangered (EN) with criteria B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) with a continuing decline of all concerned sub-criteria.

Geographical area


Polyscias jaffrei is an endemic shrub found in the west part of Grande Terre in New Caledonia. This species is known from 4 massifs (Taom, Koniambo, Kopéto, Boulinda).

Population


Population size is unknown. This species is known of four subpopulations.

Habitat


It is found in mid to high altitudinal (470-900 m asl) shrubland on ultramafic substrate.

Threats


Main threats are ongoing mining activities occuring on three massifs (Kopéto, Koniambo et Ouazangou) and recurrent bushfires.

Conservation


This species is not protected by legislation and it does not occur in any protected area. It is recommended to carry ex-situ and in-situ conservation efforts, in particular: seeds banking, ensuring the follow-up of known sub-populations and preserving viable populations on delimited perimeters. Patches of humid forest on ultramafic substrates should be protected, as on Paéoua which host several threatened species.

Bibliography


Lowry P.P.L. and Plunkett G.M. 2018. A Taxonomic revision of Polyscias subg. Tieghemopanax.

Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M. and Chalopin, M. 2012. Le référentiel taxonomique Florical et les caractéristiques de la flore vasculaire indigène de la Nouvelle-Calédonie [The taxonomic database « FLORICAL » and characteristics of the indigenous flora of New Caledonia]. Adansonia sér 3(34) , p.177-219.

Endemia.nc 2016. Faune et Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Experts


Assessor(s): Lowry, P., Amice, R., Bruy, D., Butin, J., Cazé, H., Dumontet, V., Fleurot, D., Garnier, D., Goxe, J., Hequet, V., Lannuzel, G., McCoy, S., Schatz, G., Suprin, B., Tanguy, V., Vandrot, H., Veillon, J.

Reviewer(s): Maura, J.

Facilitator(s): Tanguy, V., Warimavute, G.


Geographical distribution