Taxonomy

UICN

Common name :

Tépeuka (drubéa)

Synonyms

Santalum austrocaledonicum sensu Stauffer & Hürl.Santalum homei Seem.

Red List Status -

Least Concern (LC) , assessed in 07/04/2017

Santalum austrocaledonicum is a native small tree of New Caledonia gathering 4 varieties. This species is largelly distributed in Grande, Loyalty islands and Ile des Pins. This species is also present in Vanutau. It occurs in forest and degraded vegetation on various substrates. Although some subpopulations may be threatened, the species does not seem globally threatened with extinction. Santalum austrocaledonicum is considered Least Concern (LC).

Geographical area


Santalum austrocaledonicum is an native small tree of New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty islands, Ile des Pins) gathering 4 varieties. It is also found in Vanutau.

Population


Population size is unknown.

Habitat


It occurs in forest and degraded vegetation on various substrates.

Threats


Although some subpopulations may be threatened, the species does not seem globally threatened with extinction.

Conservation


Unprotected by legislation, this species occurs in one protected area (Ouen Toro). It is recommended to bring taxonomic clarifications on one of the variety and to manage in a sustainable way sub-populations of Loayalt islands and Ile des Pins.

Bibliography


Endemia.nc 2016. Faune et Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Thomson L., Doran J. & Clarke B. (eds) 2018. Trees for life in Oceania : conservation and utilisation of genetic diversity. .

DANICA T. HARBAUGH, AND BRUCE G. BALDWIN 2007. PHYLOGENY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF THE SANDALWOODS (SANTALUM, SANTALACEAE): REPEATED DISPERSALS THROUGHOUT THE PACIFIC. American Journal of Botany(94) , p.1028-1040.

Jérémie, J.; Hoff, M.; Jonsell, B. 1997. Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances. Volume 15 : Hernandiacées, Meliacées, Oncothecacées, Santalacées.

Munzinger J., Morat Ph., Jaffré T., Gâteblé G., Pillon Y., Tronchet F., Veillon J.-M. and M. Chalopin 2016. FLORICAL: Checklist of the vascular indigenous flora of New Caledonia. vers. 22.IV.2016.

Butaud, J.-F. 2015. Reinstatement of the Loyalty Islands Sandalwood, Santalum austrocaledonicum var. glabrum (Santalaceae), in New Caledonia.

Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M. and Chalopin, M. 2012. Le référentiel taxonomique Florical et les caractéristiques de la flore vasculaire indigène de la Nouvelle-Calédonie [The taxonomic database « FLORICAL » and characteristics of the indigenous flora of New Caledonia]. Adansonia sér 3(34) , p.177-219.

Experts


Assessor(s): Veillon, J., Amice, R., Bruy, D., Butin, J., Fleurot, D., Garnier, D., Gâteblé, G., Goxe, J., Suprin, B.

Reviewer(s): Pillon, Y.

Contributor(s): Butaud, J., Hequet, V.

Facilitator(s): Maura, J., Warimavute, G., Tanguy, V.


Geographical distribution