Taxonomy

endemique
UICN

Synonyms

Steigera montana Müll.Arg.Codiaeum montanum (Müll.Arg.) Baill.

Red List Status -

Vulnerable (VU) , assessed in 05/04/2018

Baloghia montana is an endemic shrub or tree of New Caledonia with a scattered distribution between the central part and the far north east massifs of Grande Terre. It is found in dense humid forest on volcano-sedimentary, from 200 to 800 m asl. The main threats identified are invasive species, mining activities and uncontrolled bushfires. Known from seven locations, its area of occupancy (AOO) and extent of occurrence (EOO) are 60 km² and 5,481 km², respectively. Therefore, B. montana is considered Vulnerable VU B1ab(i,ii,iii,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,v) with an estimated decline of all the concerned sub criteria.

Geographical area


B. montana is endemic to New Caledonia with a scattered distribution between the centrale part and the far north east mountains of Grande Terre.

Population


Population size is unknown.

Habitat


B. montana occurs in dense humid forest on volcano-sedimentary, from 200 to 800 m asl.

Threats


The main threats identified are invasive species (feral pigs (Sus scrofa), Rusa deer (Rusa timorensis)), uncontrolled bushfires and mining activities (Plateau (SLN)).

Conservation


B. montana is not protected by any legislation in New Caledonia but it does occur in one protected area: Parc des Grandes Fougères. This species should be included in the regional legislation for a better protection of the species. Plus it is recommended to inform the local authority responsible for the coordination of the firefighting effort on the presence of the species in the concerned areas as well as awarness amongs the population.

Bibliography


Munzinger J., Morat Ph., Jaffré T., Gâteblé G., Pillon Y., Tronchet F., Veillon J.-M. and M. Chalopin 2016. FLORICAL: Checklist of the vascular indigenous flora of New Caledonia. vers. 22.IV.2016.

McPherson G.D & Tirel C. 1987. Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances. Volume 14: Euphorbiaceae I.

Endemia.nc 2016. Faune et Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Experts


Assessor(s): Amice, R., Bruy, D., Butin, J., Cazé, H., Chambrey, C., Dumontet, V., Fleurot, D., Garnier, D., Gâteblé, G., Goxe, J., Hequet, V., Veillon, J.

Reviewer(s): Lannuzel, G.

Facilitator(s): Meyer, S., Barrabé, L., Warimavute, G.


Geographical distribution