Red List Status -Critically Endangered (CR) , assessed in 21/04/2017
Thiollierea sp.nov papineaui is an endemic shrub of New Caledonia, known from Tiébaghi in Grande Terre. It occurs in shrubland on ultramafic substrate at an altitudinal range of 300-450 m asl. Main identified threats are linked to on-going mining activities in Tiebaghi (SLN). The twenty five year projection for mining operation indicate that a majority of individuals may be affected. Its area of occupancy (AOO) and extent of occurrence (EOO) are both equal to 12 km², while the species is known to exist at only a single location. Thiollierea sp.nov papineaui is therefore assessed as Critically Endangered (CR) with criteria B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) with a continuing decline of all concerned sub-criteria.
Thiollierea sp.nov papineaui is an endemic shrub of New Caledonia, known from Tiébaghi in Grande Terre.
Population size is unknown.
Thiollierea sp.nov papineaui occurs in shrubland on ultramafic substrate at an altitudinal range of 300-450 m asl.
Main identified threats are linked to on-going mining activities in Tiebaghi (SLN). The twenty five year projection for mining operation indicate that a majority of individuals may be affected. New Caledonia contains between 20 - 30% of the world’s nickel resources and has experienced intense mining activities since the late 19th century which has generated soil erosion (1.2% of bare ground mapped by SPOT5 in 2007). Based on the distribution of metal-rich soils and site accessibility, these threats are predictable and planned (rise in nickel production from 60,000 to 200,000 tonnes per year between 2013 and 2015).
Thiollierea sp.nov papineaui is unprotected by legislation and it does not occur in any protected area. Prospections in Tiébaghi are urgently needed. This species would benefit from ex-situ and in-situ emergency conservation actions. It is proposed to ensure the follow-up of known sub-populations, to preserve a viable population on delimited perimeters on the mining area.
Barrabé L., Mouly A., Lowry II P.P. & Muzinger J. 2011. Reinstatement of the endemic New Caledonian genus Thiollierea Montrouz. (Rubiaceae) necessitated by the polyphyly of Bikkia Reinw. as currently circumscribed. Adansonia(33) , p.115-134.
Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M. and Chalopin, M. 2012. Le référentiel taxonomique Florical et les caractéristiques de la flore vasculaire indigène de la Nouvelle-Calédonie [The taxonomic database « FLORICAL » and characteristics of the indigenous flora of New Caledonia]. Adansonia sér 3(34) , p.177-219.
Endemia.nc 2016. Faune et Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie.
Assessor(s): Barrabé, L., Amice, R., Bruy, D., Butin, J., Fleurot, D., Garnier, D., Gâteblé, G., Goxe, J., Hequet, V., Lannuzel, G., Suprin, B., Veillon, J.
Reviewer(s): Cazé, H.
Contributor(s): Mouly, A.
Facilitator(s): Maura, J., Warimavute, G., Tanguy, V.