Basselinia humboldtiana (Brongn.) H.E.Moore


Cyphokentia humboldtiana Brongn.

Red List Status -

Near Threatened (NT) , assessed in 30/09/2016

Protected species -

in Northern Province

Basselinia humboltiana is an endemic solitary, subcanopy to emergent tree palm, that restricted in the southern part of Grande Terre in New Caledonia. Basselinia humboltiana occurs in dense humid forest on soils derived from ultramafic rocks from 800-1,000 m asl. As the size of the population is small and consists of isolated individuals, Basselinia humboltiana is considered Near Threatened (NT) close to Vulnerable (VU) B1ab(iii)+ 2ab(iii) with a decline of habitat quality and number of locations equal to 7.

Geographical area

Basselinia humboltiana is an endemic solitary tree palm, that is restricted in the south of Grande Terre: Mont Nekando, Montagne des Sources, Mé Ori, Mont Humbolt, Mt Dzumac, Kouakoué and Ménazi.


Population size is unknown. According to field observations, population per station consists of isolated individuals.


Basselinia humboltiana occurs in dense humid forest on soils derived from ultramafic rocks from 800-1,000 m asl.


Main identified threats are linked to invasive species (rats and wild pigs) and mining activity (Kouaoua).


Basselinia humboltiana is protected by legislation in Province Nord. Basselinia humboltiana occurs in three protected areas : Montagne des Sources, Massif du Kouakoué, Mont Humboldt. Prospection of Mont Moné close to the Vallée de la Thy is highly recommended for more data.


Pintaud, J.C. 1999. Phylogénie, biogéographie et écologie des palmiers de Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Pintaud, J.-C., & Baker, W. J. 2008. A Revision of the Palm Genera (Arecaceae) of New Caledonia.. Kew bulletin(63) , p.61-73.

Pintaud, J.C. 2000. An introduction to the palms of New Caledonia.. Palms(44) , p.132-140.

Hodel, D. R., & Pintaud. 1998. The palms of New Caledonia / Les palmiers de Nouvelle-Calédonie..

Pintaud, J.-C., & Stauffer, F. W. 2011. A revision of the large-flowered group of Basselinia Vieill. sect. Taloua H. E. Moore & Uhl (Arecaceae).. Candollea(66) , p.147-154.


Assessor(s): Amice, R., Canel, J., Ugolini, D., Butin, J., Fleurot, D., Garnier, D., Garnier, D., Goxe, J., Henry, B., Lespes, A., Letocart, D., Letocart, I., Mercier, B., Tiavouane, J., Veillon, J., Warimavute, G.

Reviewer(s): Tanguy, V.

Facilitator(s): Maura, J., Warimavute, G., Tanguy, V.

Geographical distribution